GLOSSARY M - Z

By Joe Maurantonio

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   M***
ma aidistancing; correct distance
maefront
mae gerifront kick
makivolume, book, twirling; rolled
makimonoscroll
makiwaristriking board
manrikigusariten thousand power chain; weighted chain
marishitenbuddhist warrior goddess
matacrotch, thigh, groin
mattestop
mawashito rotate
meeye
menhead; all parts of the head, the face
men uchia strike to the head
menkyolicense or certificate
menkyo kaidenlicense of complete transmission
metsubushieye blinding powder, smoke, sand, pepper, etc.
metsukefocal point
mibody; person
migiright
mikkyoesoteric buddhism
mimiear
mogurisinking (ducking)
mokurokucatalog of techniques; transmission scroll or license
morote doritwo-hand grab (two hands on one)
mumist, fog
mudanshabelow black belt level
mugaselflessness
munechest
munedorilapel grab
munen musono desires, no thoughts
musanscattering fog
mushawarrior
musha shugowarrior quest
mushinmind to mind; conscious but without thought
musowithout thought
mutono sword
muto doriunarmed against a sword
mutodoriunarmed against a sword
   N***
nagamakisword blade attached to a pole; (naginata) halberd variation
nagareflowing
nagashireceiving flow; parry; deflect
nageto throw
nage wazathrowing techniques
naginatalong pole with curved blade; halberd
nanamediagonal
nashinone
neko no me no jutsuskill, or knowledge of the cats eyes (ninja code)
nekotefinger tip weapons of steel for kunoichi
nitwo
nidan geridouble kick
ninperseverance
ninguninja tools
ninja juhakkeieighteen skills of the ninja
ninja no hachimoneight fields of knowledge
ninjatostraight-bladed sword of the ninja
nitotwo swords
noof (posessive article)
nuki ashisweeping step ninja use in walking
   O***
olarge, big, great
o dachigreat sword, four to five feet in blade length
obibelt or sash
okudenhidden teachings
okuri ashisliding footwork
omoteoutside, front, apparent, concepts easily understood
onidevil, demon, monster
onshinjutsuart of invisibility
orito break, fold
osaeto press down
osoto nagemajor outer throw
otoshito drop
otoshi ukedropping block
oyagoroshikilling the parent
   P***
podirection, way; side
   R***
raithunder
randorifreestyle practice, (a method of sparring)
ransetsublizzard
reibow, salute
ritsu reistanding bow
rokusix
rokushakuboa six foot staff (also bo)
roninwave man; warrior unattached to a feudal lord
ryakuabridgment; outline; strategy
ryoboth; two
ryotetwo-handed
ryotedoritwo-hand grab (hand to hand)
ryudragon; flowing; school, tradition; family; a style
ryuhastyle, school of a certain art
   S***
sabakievasion, footwork
samurai (see bushi)japanese warrior
santhree
sanjaku tenugithree foot hand towel
sanshaku bothree-foot stick (also hanbo)
sanshin no katamovement form, (with much depth)
sayajapanese sword scabbard
seikenforefist
seizaseated posture, correct sitting
sempaiany student senior to another
sen no sen (also tai no tai)taking the initiative
senban nagetechniques for throwing star
senninmystic
senseione who was born before; teacher or instructor
sensen no senpre-active, preemptive initiative
setsusnow
shakenthrowing stars
shako kenclaw and palm strike
shifinger
shifour
shiaimatches or contests
shibarito tie
shibumielegance
shichiseven
shidoshiteacher of the warrior way; godan or higher
shidoshi-hoassistant teacher of the warrior way
shihanhonorary title of master teacher; hachidan and above
shiho nagefour-corner directional throw
shiho waribreaking boards on four side to test power
shikan kenextended knuckle fist
shikkothe method of walking on one's knees
shikomi zuea walkinging stick with hidden weapon
shimeto choke, constrict, tighten
shime wazaconstricting techniques, choke holds
shinheart, mind, spirit
shinaipractice sword made of split bamboo
shinkenlive blade, a real sword, also refers to real combat
shinken gatareal fighting form or feeling
shinobiused to refer to agents of espionage
shinobisee shinobi
shinobi arukininja walking
shinobi hothe art of stealth
shinobi no juhappaneighteen ninja skills
shinobi no monoshadow warriors
shinobi shozokuninja costume
shinobi tantoninja knife
shinobi wazathe art of stealth
shinobi zuestaffs and canes of varying sizes
shinobigatanashort straight ninja sword
shinodakethin bamboo under water breathing tube
shintaibody movement
shishin kenfinger needle strike
shitan kenthumb pressure strike
shizennatural
shizen kenthe body as a natural weapon
shizen tainatural body posture
shodenbasic level
shomenthe front
shomen uchiforehead strike
shoten no jutsuclimbing to the heavens (vertical climbing)
shotoshort sword
shuhand; arm
shugyoaustere training
shukohand claws (also called 'tekagi')
shurikenthrowing blades, throwing stars
shurikenjutsutechniques of throwing darts; throwing blade art
shutoknifehand
sodesleeve
sodedorisleeve grab (at the elbow)
sojutsuspear arts
sokehead of family; grandmaster
sokugyakuball of foot kick
sokuho kaitensideways roll
sokuho tobisideways leap
sokushi kentoe kick
sokuto geri- foot edge kick
sokuyakufoot strike
sotoouter
suiwater
suiheihorizontal
suirenwater training
sukia momentary opening in guard; opening
sutemisacrifice techniques, giving up balance to control opponent
sutemi wazasacrifice technique
suwari wazaseated techniques
   T***
tabitraditional footwear of the japanese
tachijapanese sword; can be a general term or
tachilong sword, a longer version of the katana. worn hanging from the belt edge down
tailarge, big, great; the body
tai kailit. great party; annual seminar given by dr. hatsumi
tai sabakibody evasion; natural movements for evading attacks
taihenjutsubody change arts; rolling, leaping, silent movement, tumbling, breakfalls
taijutsubody techniques, unarmed combat methods
taikyokufirst cause
taisabaki(see tai sabaki)
taisoflexibility exercise; stretches
takagitall tree, large tree
takebamboo
takiwaterfall
tameshigeritest cutting with the sword
tameshiwaritile/board breaking
tandenthe abdomen; center of ki
tantoknife; dagger; dirk
taoshito throw down
tatamistraw mat
tateerect; standing
tatsujinfully, developed, enlightened human being
tehand; arm
tekagiiron hand claws (see shuko)
tekubiwrist
tenheaven, sky; top
ten chi jin ryaku no makiheaven, earth, and man strategy scroll
ten ryaku no makiheaven strategy scroll
tenkanturning
tesseniron fan
tessenjutsuiron fan techniques
tetsuiron
tetsubushicaltrops
toand, door, drop, fell; gain an overpowering will; head; sword
tobileaping and jumping skills
tobi kerileaping kick
tokitop of foot
tomoelarge comma, comma-like pattern
tomoe nagethrowing in a big circle
torito seize, catch; the one applying the technique
toritearrest techniques
totoku hiyashiavoiding shuriken blades
tsubasword guard (hilt)
tsukepunch
tsuke wazapunching techniques
tsukito thrust, to attach, fix
   U***
uchiinside, to attack, defeat, destroy, conquer, strike
uchi gakethrowing down by leg work
uchi gariinner reaping-throw
uchi matainner thigh
uchi ukeinside block
uchi wazastriking techniques
udearm
ude garamicoiling armbar/figure four shoulder lock
ude ukeforearm block
ukereceive; one who receives the technique
uke nagashireceiving the attack; receiving flow
ukemireceiving; receiving techniques in kata; breakfalls
urainside, back, hidden; concepts that are not obvious
urakenbackfist
ushirorear, back
ushiro geriback kick
uwagijacket worn for martial arts training
   W***
wake gatamielbow lock
wakizashishort sword
wapenpatch
washideeagle hand
wazatechnique, ability, skill
   Y***
yaarrow
yamabushimountain warriors priests
yarispear
yawaraterm for jujutsu; short wooden stick
yohard, positive, light, male (yang)
yokoside; sideways
yoko arukisideways walking
yoko geriside kick
yokohathe hook of a jutte
yokomenthe side of the head
yokomen uchilateral strike to head
yokomen uchistrike to side of head
yorikitokugawa period law enforcement official
yoroia suit of armor
yoroi kumiuchibattlefield grappling in armor
yoroidoshidagger-like thrusting blade for use against armor
yoshinraising spirit, raising heart
yubifinger
yudanshathose holding black belt rank
yumijapanese archery; bow
   Z***
zanshinincreased awareness of events in a fight
zareikneeing salutation (bow)
zenpoforward, front direction
zenpo geriforward stomp kick
zenpo kaitenforward roll
zeoito carry on one's back (see seoi)
zubontrousers

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